Just weeks before leaving office, President Obama on Monday issued 78 pardons and commuted the sentences of 153 prisoners, extending his acts of clemency to a total of 1,324 individuals, by far the largest use of the presidential power to show mercy in the nation’s history.
But, it gets worse. President Obama is plowing through the greatest 4th year clemency surge in American history, but the Times writes:
And most presidents - including Mr. Obama - have waited until the end of their presidencies before issuing pardons and making grants of commutation.In fact, unlike President Obama, most presidents have granted clemency early in their administration and continued to do so every month of the term. Missing one or two months was a freakish irregularity for most. While it is mathematically true that most presidents have granted the largest number of pardons and commutations of sentence in the 4th and final year of the term, Bill Clinton type stunts have actually been quite rare. Here is what the empirical landscape looks like, so far:
|Click on Image (Above) to Enlarge|
In 17 additional terms, the grants of presidents in the 4th increased somewhere between 0 and 50 percent. Finally, in 12 additional terms, the grants of presidents in the 4th year increased somewhere between 50 and 100 percent.
In sum, for 46 (or 81 percent of the terms), the difference between 4th year grants and the average of the previous three years was either zero or lower than 100 percent. Only 6 presidents have crossed the 200 percent mark. So, it is not so surprising that the average 4th year increase for all presidents has been 94.3 percent.
OK, enough of that.
There are some exceptions in the chart, and President Obama is very clearly the reference point for everything that is abnormal. The percentage increase in his 4th year grants for this term is a record breaking a 1,267 percent. Bill Clinton's second term is a distant second at 728 percent. Indeed, if Obama's current term is removed from the analysis, the term average for all presidents drops to 73.3 percent.
There is nothing wrong with 4th year / last-minute pardoning per se. Such activity does tend to be viewed skeptically, however, and when 'controversial' acts are in the mix, public perception of the pardon power can be affected and long-term damage is the result. The Times should research the topic more intelligently before it writes.
UPDATE: The Times has adjusted the writing in its article and added this note: