Showing posts with label Carter. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Carter. Show all posts

Friday, January 13, 2017

Historic Denial of Clemency Applications

With 804 denials of commutation applications announced today, President Obama has denied more clemency applications than the last five presidents - over 32 years - combined.


It seem likely that, in the next seven days, this number will increase, by thousands.

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Obama's Abysmal Record on Pardons

Click on Image (Above) to Enlarge

White House PR Chart Fail

When the White House does clemency PR ... ten ... nine ... whatever.

Click on Image (Above) to Enlarge
"We're none of us perfect." - Homer Simpson. If we are making comparisons, very oddly, to recent presidents (none particularly known to be generous with the pardon power), we believe that it might also be worth noting that President Obama has received many more applications for commutations than his predecessors (see chart below). Comparable data are not available before Nixon.

Click on Image (Above) to Enlarge

Obama's Commutation Rate

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Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Obama: Second Only to Wilson and Coolidge in Commutations

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Thursday, February 7, 2013

T. Roosevelt v. Modern Presidents

                 Commutations of Sentence
     Theodore Roosevelt v. Eight Recent Administrations

Roosevelt
No.
% of All Grants
Recent
Administrations
No.
% of All Grants
FY 1902
92
27
Nixon
60
6
FY 1903
70
43
Ford
22
5
FY 1904
87
38
Carter
29
5
FY 1905
116
31
Reagan
13
3
FY 1906
66
42
H.W. Bush
3
3
FY 1907
71
26
Clinton
61
13
FY 1908
53
26
W. Bush
11
5
FY 1909
90
34
Obama
1
4
Totals
645


200


* Across 8 fiscal years, Roosevelt granted three times more commutations of sentence than all of the presidents over the last 45 years combined. See additional summary statistics on commutations of sentence here.

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Obama: More Dubious Pardon History-Making

President Obama's first term has now ended and, along the way, his administration tied Bill Clinton's first term for the fewest months featuring grants of either pardons or commutations of sentence. Obama granted a mere 22 pardons and 1 commutation of sentence, the lowest number for a full term for any president since George Washington! And he (Obama) did it all in just three months. The remaining 46 months of the term were a complete wash.

It will now be interesting to see just how far clemency dysfunction continues. In the first term. Obama also strung together 23 consecutive months without granting a single act of clemency. The length of the drought tied George W. Bush's first term for the longest of any modern president. Obama is currently riding a 14-month string of inaction.

President
Months Featuring   Clemency (of 49)
Months Without Clemency (of 49) Most  Consecutive Months Without Clemency
F. Roosevelt (1)    45     4        4
F. Roosevelt (2)    37     12        11
F. Roosevelt (3)    44      5        1
FDR / Truman (s)    46     3        1
Truman (1)    49     -        -
Eisenhower (1)    25     24        7
Eisenhower (2)    14     35        7
Kennedy / Johnson (s)    40     9        3
Johnson (1)    23     26        7
Nixon (1)    5     44        13
Nixon (2) / Ford (s)    17     32        9 
Carter    31     18        5
Reagan (1)    17     32        8
Reagan (2)    31     17        5
Bush    5     44       18
Clinton (1)    3     46         22
Clinton (2)    11     38       11
Bush (1)    7     42       23
Bush (2)    13     36       7
Obama    3     46       23

Saturday, December 22, 2012

What will a Merciless December Mean for Obama?

If President Obama fails to grant a single pardon or commutation of sentence this month (December), he will come ever closer to matching Bill Clinton's record of 46 months in a term without an act of clemency. Obama has already tied George W. Bush's record for the most consecutive months (23) without a pardon or commutation of sentence.
President
Months Featuring   Clemency (of 49)
Months Without Clemency (of 49) Most  Consecutive Months Without Clemency
F. Roosevelt (1)    45     4        4
F. Roosevelt (2)    37     12        11
F. Roosevelt (3)    44      5        1
FDR / Truman (s)    46     3        1
Truman (1)    49     -        -
Eisenhower (1)    25     24        7
Eisenhower (2)    14     35        7
Kennedy / Johnson (s)    40     9        3
Johnson (1)    23     26        7
Nixon (1)    5     44        13
Nixon (2) / Ford (s)    17     32        9 
Carter    31     18        5
Reagan (1)    17     32        8
Reagan (2)    31     17        5
Bush    5     44       18
Clinton (1)    3     46         22
Clinton (2)    11     38       11
Bush (1)    7     42       23
Bush (2)    13     36       7
Obama    3     45*       23

* January remaining in the term.


Friday, November 2, 2012

President Sitting on a Dozen Positive Recommendations

According to ProPublica:
Currently, two government officials said, there are about a dozen positive recommendations and hundreds of negative ones waiting for the president to act on.
No specific sources are named for this information, but it certainly suggests there is no coming pardon bonanza. Only more of the same dysfunction and neglect.

ProPublica also features calculations based on Department of Justice data. We made the same calculations, from the same data, way back in a July post:

President
Granted Pardon Applications
Granted Commutation Applications
All Applications
Nixon
1 in every 2
1 in every 15
1 in every 3
Ford
1 in every 3
1 in every 25
1 in every 4
Carter
1 in every 3
1 in every 36
1 in every 5
Reagan
1 in every 5
1 in every 100
1 in every 8
H.W. Bush
1 in every 10
1 in every 245
1 in every 19
Clinton
1 in every 5
1 in every 90
1 in every 16
W. Bush
1 in every 13
1 in every 779
1 in every 55
Obama
1 in every 61
1 in every 6,762
1 in every 352

* Data updated 2/4/13

Monday, July 2, 2012

Clemency Grant Rates: Recent Presidents

Clemency Grant Rates by
Pardon Applications, Commutation Applications and All Applications
"1 in every x applications granted"

President
Granted Pardon Applications
Granted Commutation Applications
All Applications
Nixon
1 in every 2
1 in every 15
1 in every 3
Ford
1 in every 3
1 in every 25
1 in every 4
Carter
1 in every 3
1 in every 36
1 in every 5
Reagan
1 in every 5
1 in every 100
1 in every 8
H.W. Bush
1 in every 10
1 in every 245
1 in every 19
Clinton
1 in every 5
1 in every 90
1 in every 16
W. Bush
1 in every 13
1 in every 779
1 in every 55
Obama
1 in every 50
1 in every 5,557
1 in every 290

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

ProPublica: History of Pardons

The ProPublica web page has a feature entitled "Timeline: A History of Pardons" (linked here). We have informed ProPublica of the following errors / suggestions:

1. If the page intends to say George Washington's first pardon was granted in 1794, that is incorrect. The first known Washington clemency warrant was signed in 1791. If the intent is to imply the first Whiskey Rebel pardon was granted in 1794, that is also incorrect. The first of that batch was granted in 1797.

2. U.S. v. Wilson should be dated 1833, not 1832.

3. Arthur O'Bryan was pardoned by Abraham Lincoln in 1861, not 1864.

4. Dr. Samuel Mudd, who set the leg of a fleeing John Wilkes Booth, and lied about his relationship with Booth, was pardoned in 1869, not 1868. And his pardon was not based on the grounds of innocence. This is noteworthy because the Mudd family has, for a long, long time now, tried to have his name cleared via a pardon based on an assertion of innocence.

5. It is also worthy of note that Spengler and Arnold (Lincoln assassination conspirators) were pardoned just before Andrew Johnson left office, again, in 1869, not 1868.

6. Andrew Johnson's post-Civil War decisions are best described as amnesties, not pardons.

7. Charles W. Morse was not pardoned. His prison sentence was commuted by President Taft. Furthermore, the commutation of sentence was granted in January of 1912, not 1908.

8. The ruling in Biddle is best summarize as follows: Pardons are not private acts of grace but are, instead, best thought of as the by-product of a constitutional scheme which aims to determine what is in the best interest of the public. Consequently, the thoughts, desires and wishes of the recipient are irrelevant.

9. Richard Nixon granted Jimmy Hoffa a conditional commutation of sentence, not a presidential pardon. The condition was, of course, challenged in federal court, until Hoffa had the poor taste to disappear.

11. Jimmy Carter granted an amnesty to Vietnam War era offenders.

12. George H.W. Bush did not pardon Orlando Bosch.

13. Readers should be aware that the data - which originate from the Department of Justice - are actually arranged by fiscal year, as opposed to calendar year.

Friday, October 21, 2011

Obama: The No Commutation of Sentence President

Only George W. Bush waited longer than President Obama to grant the first act of clemency in his term. To date, Obama has granted a paltry 17 presidential pardons (largely restoring the civil rights of persons who committed minor offenses decades ago) and zero commutations of sentence.

President              Days before First Commutation of Sentence
-----------              ---------------------------------------------------------
Obama                1,004 ... and counting
Clinton                  672
Reagan                  317
Eisenhower           282
Nixon                    282
H.W. Bush             206
Carter                    82
Ford (s)                  61
Truman (s)             54
Johnson (s)            30
Kennedy                 19

Friday, May 20, 2011

Obama: 8 More Pardons to the Tiny Little Pile

Because this is exactly what late Friday afternoons are for: the Obama administration has announced that the President has decided to granted eight presidential pardons. At this point in time (11:55 pm Central), there is absolutely nothing about any of the pardons on the Office of the Pardon Attorney's newly designed web page (here). So, the story originates from the White House's Office of the Press Secretary (here).

The offenses addressed by today's pardons were committed between the years of 1975 and 2001. As a result, on average, each appears a full 24 years after-the-fact (slightly less than the President's overall average of 26.3 years). The average known age of Obama's clemency recipients is 60! Randy Dyer waited 35.9 years for his pardon! Only four of today's recipients spent any time at all in prison.

If Ronald Lee Foster took the trophy for most innocuous offense in the last batch of Obama pardons (for mutilating coins in order to fool vending machines), or James Banks (for taking some plywood and nails that were not his), then 61-year-old Bobby Gerald Wilson has to take the trophy in this round. Wilson aided and abetted in the possession and sale of illegal American alligator hides. Will a cameo appearance on Swamp People be forthcoming?

Michael Ray Neal's manufacturing, assemblage, modification and distribution of equipment suitable for unauthorized decryption of satellite cable programming was certainly a public menace! Who can forget it?! Thus, it took the Department of Justice more than three years to process his application! Dyer first applied back in 2004. Allen Peratt applied back in 2003.

President Obama has now granted a mere 17 presidential pardons (all announced on Friday afternoons) and, amazingly enough, zero commutations of sentence. He has been in office for 850 days. How does he compare to other Democratic presidents? By this point in his own administration, Bill Clinton had granted 55 pardons and commutations of sentence. Jimmy Carter had granted 312 pardons and commutations and JFK had granted 381. Lyndon Johnson had granted 717 pardons and commutations.

Indeed, only a Republican, George W. Bush, has been slower to grant a single commutation of sentence. Julie Stewart, president of Families Against Mandatory Minimums (FAMM) notes fairly enough:
"We’re happy that these eight people will have their civil rights restored by this presidential pardon, but it's sad that the Justice Department has not brought the president one prison sentence to shorten. It can’t be true that there isn't a single person among the 210,000 currently in federal prison who shouldn't be there. In fact, during the campaign the president acknowledged that federal prisons are filled with nonviolent offenders serving excessive sentences. Why, then, can’t he find one to commute?"
This is a question Stewart and FAMM member Natasha Darrington are bound to place on the table when they speak to the U.S. Sentencing Commission hearing on crack guideline retroactivity, Wednesday, June 1, in the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building located at 1 Columbus Circle Northeast in Washington, DC, adjacent to Union Station. The hearing begins at 8:45 a.m. and will last until 3:00 p.m.

Today's Pardon Recipients (and Background Links):
Randy Eugene Dyer - Burien, Wash. 62 years old
Danny Alonzo Levitz - Angola, Ind. 59 years old
Michael Ray Neal - Palm Coast, Fla. 46 years old
Edwin Alan North - Wolcottville, Ind. 65 years old
Allen Edward Peratt Sr. - Sioux Falls, S.D.
• Christine Marie Rossiter - Lincoln, Neb.
• Patricia Ann Weinzatl - Prentice, Wis.
Bobby Gerald Wilson - Summerton, S.C. 61 years old

See our previous posts on Obama's previous pardons here:
Let Us Be the First to Complain
Obama Drops His First Pardons

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